Among the thousands of North Koreans that reside in South Korea many have difficulty adjusting to everyday life, while buying groceries or going to the cinema may seem mundane to average citizen it is foreign and strange to a defector. Teenage defectors are shocked the most by their sister country South Korea by the drastic contrasting lifestyles between North and South. Without any sort of insight on the outside world they are amazed by plastic cards that hold money and fast food like hamburgers and pizza and the food results indigestion. They are unaware of the difference between mouthwash and laundry detergent. In addition, to the trials of defectors adjusting to life , all adult defectors must forego psychiatric therapy for three months while learning their rights under South Korean law , and other basic skills to adjust to society. Teenagers can spend two months to two years at remedial boarding school Hangyoreh Middle-High School due to difficulty with basic reading and math. Education in North Korea is useless for life in this country," said the school's principal, Gwak Jong-moon.
Life in the "Hermit Kingdom" is much like it was after the Korean War, majority of the country is unaware astronauts have landed on the moon , television has over thousands of channels, and most of all life does not revolve around the supreme leader. Reporters and journalists have been allowed entry into the country ,but with very strict rules. They allow foreigners to see what they want you to see and have guards beside you at all times. Among the various rules of outsiders into country it is forbidden to photograph any of the supreme leaders without consent and the picture must be full body only. The restrictions and rules for a foreigner are absurd the rules the North Koreans live by are even more ludicrous. Girls are not allowed to ride bicycles , religion is banned entirely and considered a threat to the state , and viewing western movies is a crime punishable by death says Mina Yoon , a North Korean defector . Western movies smuggled in the country are seen as a "mortal sin" to the state and those who have the films use the utmost caution by covering windows with a "thick duvet" and locking their doors with more than two locks.
This is the second in a series of articles that will look at what makes memes go viral, as well as how we’ve ended up using them to communicate. You can read part one here.
The checklist for what makes memes go viral seems to be rooted in three key features:
Memes are funny.
Humor is easily the most important aspect of a meme. If it’s not funny, there’s no joke, and therefore no meme. Memes are fairly simple to create, but it’s the humor behind it that really sets the memeage into motion.
Memes are relatable.
Memes represent every emotion on the spectrum, from anger to anxiety and depression to joy. No emotion or situation has been left unmemed, which is important given how vital memes have become to communicating in the modern world.
Memes are easy to recognize.
This is a large part of why visual memes like the Bee Movie are so popular. There’s a distinct image or character that can be represented in various ways. It’s the same with the Lightning McQueen memes. If someone who’s in the know sees that distinct red racing car, they know they’re in for a good laugh.
“When people stop finding a meme funny,” starts Purvas, “it starts to die, and people stop referencing it.”
“Older memes like Pepe the Frog and troll face, they’re still funny but they kinda die out,” Eldredge adds. He then went on to explain the concept of meme calendars, which he believes is the reason so many memes nowadays are losing traction. “There’s a decline in memes because people are pushing too many out [in an attempt to make it on the calendar], and they all die too quickly,” he continues.
Eldredge’s claims are hard to ignore. New memes are born nearly daily, but only a few have the strength to carry on the legacy that memes before them had. At the time of writing, Twitter was obsessed with that screaming Meryl Streep image. Facebook is still churning out minions and macros with a fervor, and Instagram is still screenshotting those and sharing them with hashtags. Tumblr’s doing... well, Tumblr.
The point is memes are just as varied as the people and places that share them, something we’ll look more into in the next installment.
If you’d like to contribute your thoughts on memes, send an email to email@example.com, subject line: “Re: what makes a meme.”
Floridians and fans of dance music are taking the opportunity of attending three major music festivals in Florida’s major cities every year, including one known worldwide. From a music scene that made its mark with its first music festival in 1999 with about 1,000 people attending to today where attendance rose to 50,000-150,000 people. Whether you’re a regular festival goer or someone curious on what the hype is all about, attending at least one major dance music festival is something you have to experience at least once in your life.
Many expect to listen to EDM, dance, sing, and enjoy being “Under The Electric Sky”, however, these festivals have more things going on within the crowds. As an attendant of all three major music festivals, I can say that you’ll have a lot more stories to tell than saying you “had fun”.
Ultra Music Festival, located in Miami, is the world’s most recognized EDM festival along with being voted World’s Number One Music Festival by DJ Mag for two years straight. This festival happens every March and only the best DJs play as they can debut their newest songs to 150,000 people. Ultra also live streamed through Youtube.com and found thousands of fans streaming all over the world. As popular and fun the idea of attending Ultra seems, it is also very dangerous. I attended Ultra 2015 where everyone around me had to be more cautious because of the increased security and police. City leaders proposed to shut down Ultra completely because of the many drug incidents; fights, medical incidents, and public intoxications that took place the year before.
During Ultra, I enjoyed the production and quality of all the stages along with the sounds from the prestigious DJs. If I had to say the worst part about my experience at Ultra it would be seeing some people having bad reactions to their drug where they moved unconsciously and uncontrollably along with seeing sexual intercourse in a “Friendly John” port potty. I would only recommend Ultra to those who have experience with music festivals.
That same year I attended Sunset Music Festival in Tampa. Sunset happens every May at Raymond James Stadium where more up and coming DJs and artists play. It is small scaled in production compared to Ultra but safer, friendlier vibes from the crowd and staff. People were dancing with the security guards! This festival was the fewest in attendance of out the major three although I saw that as an advantage because of the extra space to dance away. With the festival scenery being more beach-like I felt that this is a perfect way to start off your summer.
The most local of the major three music festivals is EDC Orlando where I attended in 2016. EDC stands for Electronic Dance Carnival and is the only music festival with rides in it including the well-known Ferris wheel where you can view the main stage from the ride. EDC Orlando was made possible by the famous promoter group, Insomniac, who also hosts the prestigious EDC Las Vegas. This festival was where I experienced true rave culture and the epitome of what the scene is all about. People wore unique outfits and costumes as this festival was popular for allowing people to express themselves in an environment where others do not judge appearance. There was also the custom of exchanging plastic bead bracelets known as “Kandi” that is initiated by two individuals who connect their piece signs together followed by the interlocking of hands where the exchange happens and a final hug. I saw a more mystic and fairy-like scenery with their main stage included a giant owl looking around the crowd. The phrase “Under The Electric Sky” derived from this festival as it was meant to express the love the EDM community had for each other along with uniting under music.
After asking students if they had ever experienced going an EDM festival before and many of them attended at least one. LSSC Student Zach Ray said, “The EDM scene is definitely growing in Florida. You’ll see a lot more people attending these events in the coming years.”
On Monday night, May 22nd, tragedy struck Manchester, England. During a time where young and old came together to listen to their beloved artist, Ariana Grande. Salman Abedi, suicide bomber, killed twenty-two people and injured dozens more.
Prayers and wishes of healing are sending to those families and friends of the victims. Many officials such as Lake-Sumter State College’s president, Dr. Sidor, President Trump, and Queen Elizabeth II have given responses on the subject.
“As the events unfold in Manchester, England, I send my deepest condolences to all those here and abroad who have been impacted by these horrific acts. In times such as these, it continues to be important that we take care of one another and our students. This event may bring up memories of the Pulse attack in Orlando just under a year ago. The LSSC community is strong; we showed that then and I know that we will continue to come together as a community now. - Dr. Stan Sidor
“We stand in absolute solidarity with the people of the United Kingdom.”- President Trump
“The whole nation has been shocked by the death and injury in Manchester last night of so many people, adults and children, who had just been enjoying a concert. I know I speak for everyone in expressing my deepest sympathy to all who have been affected by this dreadful event and especially to the families and friends of those who have died or were injured.”- Queen Elizabeth II
“It’s like, not everyone is comedic,” explained Eldredge. “The easiest way to make someone laugh is to share a meme.”
By Emily Schmidt
As Floridians, there is nothing more that we love than sunshine and amusement parks. Volcano Bay is Universal’s new water park that’s taking its home at the heart of I-4. The new park will have over 10 state of the art rides that vary from water roller coasters to a lazy river that’s full of surprises. This park has activities for the whole family.
But perhaps the most enticing part of the brand new waterpark is the brand new technology that comes along with it. There’s nothing more annoying than having to carry those pesky rafts up 4 flights of stairs in order to enjoy the ride. Volcano Bay has made it a goal to avoid making its guests out of breath before the ride even starts. Dale Mason, Vice president and executive art director for Universal Creative, sat down with Orlando Sentinel and explained how the float movement would work, “[t]here are magnets built into the track, so by sequencing the magnets, you actually pull the vehicle through the climbing portions of the attraction.”
With the opening of this huge new expansion for Universal, the company will have to hire nearly 1,700 people, according to the Orlando Sentinel. Jobs will vary from food service to parking, and of course, lifeguards will be needed. Over 400 lifeguards will be hired in order to help keep the park stay afloat. This is a great thing to happen to Orlando and it’s something that can seriously benefit the students of Lake Sumter. On one hand, you will be able to enjoy a brand new theme park that’s located right in our backyard, on the other; you can even seek employment. Either way, both of these options will leave you with a killer tan. The grand opening of Volcano Bay is scheduled for May 25th.
By Kevin Kurz
Lake Sumter offers a variety of ways for students to take classes. If you want the classic college experience, you can sign up for a fully seated class. On the other hand, if you're looking for something a little more flexible, you can register for an online class or mix the two and take a hybrid course. But what course type gives the most bang for your buck?
After surveying students, it seems not all class types are created equally. I asked twenty students four questions:
-Which class type do you prefer?
-In which class type do you learn the most?
-Which class type is the easiest?
-Which class type would you recommend to new students?
Most students enjoy the traditional fully seated classes, while the online format was the least popular across the board. Perhaps this can be explained by student responses to the second question - the one where we find the biggest discrepancy. 60% felt they learned better with the fully seated option.
So what's wrong with online classes? Why do students favor the fully seated and hybrid format over online? Students like Dominic Camerino and Victor Grubman gave some insight. Dominic said, "Online is hard to stay on task at times." Victor claimed, "Online classes lacked guidance." Others felt differently. Andrew Raghunandan, who prefers the hybrid and online style, poses the question, "What's the point of going to class 2-3 times a week if the work is going to be online the majority of the time?"
Success in any course type seems to depend on the student. If you're more of an independently motivated person, online classes might be best for you. However, if you learn more from others, the fully seated format is your best bet. Hopefully, this will be a reminder to analyze our learning preferences before signing up for classes, so that we best set ourselves up for success.
By Sarah Oulman
Every year, Playlist Live hosts a weekend-long event in Orlando for YouTube stars and fans alike. This three-day convention allows small Youtubers to gain insight on growing their own channels and gives fans the chance to meet large groups of famous YouTube Creators all weekend long. Attendees fly from across the nation for this event, and the 7th annual Playlist Live Orlando is already set to be one of the best events to date.
As someone who is currently a small Youtuber, I can easily say that I’m excited to attend Playlist Live this May. The convention is being held at the World Center Marriot again, and as usual, the hotel will be packed with attendees. Fans have the chance to meet their favorite stars at meetups, but for those staying at the hotel, there’s always a high chance of running into Youtubers by the pool or in the lobby. You never know who might end up in the elevator with you!
Playlist Live hasn’t released the full lineup of YouTube Creators yet; however, Ricky Dillon, The Gabbie Show, Rickey Thompson, Griffin Arnlund, and so many other well-known Creators have already been announced!
No matter what style of videos or content you tend to watch on YouTube, Playlist Live has something for everyone. Attendees can watch live concerts, listen in on panel discussions, meet their favorite Creators, and so much more. If this convention interests you, check it out and don’t miss out on a fun weekend in May!
Find out more about the event here: http://www.playlist-live.com/orl
By David Vallecillo
For you curious or aspiring astronomers, NASA confirmed February 22nd; they discovered seven Earth-sized planets through their Spitzer Space Telescope. Astronomers also found that three out of the seven planets were located in habitable zones for potential life.
The Spitzer Space Telescope is NASA’s 720 million dollar infrared space telescope launched back in August of 2003. Spitzer trailed the seven new planets and bought NASA scientists 256x256 pixel detected photos of the planets and some of its surface. NASA’s scientists are able to conduct further studies of the planets surface thanks to the Spitzer.
“You can just imagine how many worlds are out there that have a shot to becoming a habitable ecosystem,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, an associate administrator at NASA during a news conference.
NASA named the planets, TRAPPIST-1, and is 235 trillion miles away from the Earth. Scientific study determined that the planets are positioned in habitable zones based on their distance from the sun. Two of the planets were found to be at the right temperature to inhibit oceans. This discovery impacted NASA scientists and aspiring astronomers as further study of TRAPPIST-1 has led to wonders of sustainable atmospheres.
"The TRAPPIST-1 system provides one of the best opportunities in the next decade to study the atmospheres around Earth-size planets," said astronomer, Nikole Lewis."The TRAPPIST-1 system provides one of the best opportunities in the next decade to study the atmospheres around Earth-size planets," said astronomer, Nikole Lewis.
Nikole was the first to announce the discovery of the seven new planets at NASA headquarters.
To find more exclusive and interesting facts about each planet, you can visit the NASA website here; https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-telescope-reveals-largest-batch-of-earth-size-habitable-zone-planets-around
By Kelsey Griggs
On March 8th, women everywhere came together for a day of equality. This day is known as International Women’s Day, a day celebrating feminism. On this day, feminism was celebrated globally. The women, and some men, of Lake Sumter State College found themselves looking at what feminism meant to them.
Despite the true definition of feminism, everyone defines the word differently. However, most believed in the same core value: equal rights for all people. When asked if they considered themselves feminists, most responded with a resounding "yes."
One female student, Nyssa Phokakul, includes denying gender roles in her definition. “In society, we are expected to be the ‘stay at home housewife’ when we are capable of doing much more than that.” Another female student stresses safety for women in her definition, saying that “To be a feminist is to want every woman to be able to walk down the street without being cat called.” She even plans to carry this with her into her career, where she plans to focus on helping rape and sexual assault victims as a psychologist.
Students Carina Vitale and Alara Nigro plan to use their feminist strength to become doctors. Alara Nigro explains that, “As a woman, most people expect you to be a nurse, but why stop there? Women can be doctors, and they can save as many lives as a man.”
Male student, Joshua Lowe, says he is a feminist, and he believes in “equality for women in all aspects.” Of course not all people consider themselves feminists. One male student, Adam Gross, does not identify as a feminist due to their radical nature. Instead, he just knows he believes in equality, regardless of gender, race, or sexuality.
Feminism may get a bad reputation, but the heart of the movement delivers one key message: a woman can do anything she sets her mind to, not just on the International Women’s Day, but every day.
By Kevin Yurasek, Director of Marketing & College Relations
Lake-Sumter State College will host The Short Play Festival 2017 featuring 32 short plays performed in 2 distinct shows. Tickets are $5 and available at the door.
LSSC began accepting submissions of 1-minute, 5-minute, and 10-minute plays in October, 2016, and within 2 months, received nearly 900 submissions from writers across the world. Of those, 32 have been selected and divided into two unique shows. Show 1 will be performed on Thursday, April 6th and Saturday, April 8th at 7:30pm and Show 2 will be performed Friday, April 7th at 7:30pm and Sunday, April 9th at 2:00pm.
The shows, with several world-premiers, will feature works by a number of prestigious playwrights, including a Juilliard fellow, an Emmy-winning writer, and a recipient of the Academy’s Nicholl Fellowship.
Also among the selected writers are two Lake-Sumter State College students, who have been mentored by LSSC faculty as they prepare their works. Following the performances, the College will be sponsoring their membership to the Dramatist Guild of America.
Show 1 will also feature fight direction by Robert Aronowitz, an acclaimed fight director from New York who does fight choreography for colleges and university across the country, including Juilliard and NYU. He has also worked on a number of films and television shows.The shows are directed by Amber Karlins, an LSSC English Instructor. Karlins is also an author, playwright, and screenwriter having won several dozen international writing awards, including Best Screenplay at the Charleston International Film Festival and 3rd place in the Best New Screenwriter category at the London Film Awards.
Press invitations to a meet & greet with LSSC students involved in the performances and selected playwrights are forthcoming.
By Rachel Ilardi
What is gluten? According to The Celiac Disease Foundation, it’s “a general name for the proteins found in wheat, rye, barley, and triticale. Gluten helps foods maintain their shape, acting as a glue that holds food together.” In those with Celiac disease, gluten “damages the small intestine and nutrients can't be absorbed”, as stated by WebMD.
However, there are many food choices out there for us! Some of my top picks for gluten-free food: Chick-Fil-A and Chipotle are all the rage these days. Both websites show a detailed allergen list, showing which foods contain common allergies. Chipotle’s chart states that everything, except their tortillas, are gluten-free!
Hamburgers are everywhere and can be ordered in a lettuce wrap or on a gluten-free bun. These lettuce wraps can be found at Five Guys and BurgerFi. Others, like Red Robin, Culvers, and Wahlburgers actually provide their customers with gluten-free buns! Feel like staying in? Take a trip to Publix, where there are many gluten-free options. My favorites include Udi’s, Against the Grain, Glutino’s, and Amy’s, which also includes vegetarian options.
If you’re up for exploring, try Sprinkles and Erin McKenna’s bakery in Disney Springs! They offer amazing gluten-free desserts. My top find for gluten-free food is Uno’s in Winter Garden. They make fresh gluten-free dough into your own individual size circle of cheesy heaven. My family agrees the gluten-free pizza crust is better than the regular!
Their service for your gluten-free needs is amazing. If you ever visit that location, ask for Matt as your server. As we ordered, he took the time to explain exactly how they keep gluten-free pizzas away from contamination. Matt even asked specifically for a gluten-free shift in the kitchen so that he could thoroughly explain the process to customers. I’ve never found such great customer service when looking for gluten-free food.
By Samantha Redditt
Tuesday, March 7th, Lake Sumter’s Student Government hosted an Animal Rescue Event. SGA brought some furry friends to campus! From 11 am to 1 pm at the Sails Pavilion, three puppies were waiting to play and hopefully get a forever home. These dogs were brought by the South Lake Animal League, a nonprofit, no-kill shelter, which houses approximately 125 animals monthly available for adoption by anyone 21 years or older.
Organizer of this event, SGA member Natasha Figueroa, said that this is “a great way to remind people the importance of adopting from animal shelters. Some dogs are mistreated in their homes and then just get left in places like this.”
The South Lake Animal League is located at 4648 Baptist Island Road in Groveland. Vivian Zielinski, an adoption coordinator with the shelter loves the shelter and said, "for the first time in my life, I love coming to work every day. It's an amazing place to work!"We can all do our part to improve the lives of these animals in need. Whether it’s adopting a new pet, volunteering your time, or making a donation, they always welcome a helping hand. More details about the SLAL and pets available for adoption can be found at: https://theanimalleague.org/adoption-center/
By David Vallecillo
“He started on fire. Just attacking the rim. They tried to double-and triple team him after he scored 45,” said father of Chino Hills’ basketball star, LaMelo Ball, following his 92 point scoring performance against Los Osos that’s got the attention of the national media. LaMelo Ball is a 15-year-old sophomore who attends Chino Hills High School in California and is the youngest of the three buzzing Ball brothers who also play basketball.
Ball’s performance Tuesday night led many fans and current players question whether his performance was impressive or just too easy.
On paper, Ball’s performance seems incredible but after the highlight video came out it showed Ball barely running half court to play defense which led to him getting open and scoring easy layups every possession. The highlight video went viral and it left many critical comments including a viral one from a current NBA Player.
By Sarah Oulman
In a collaborative effort with The Animal League and Axum Coffee, the Orlando Cat Café has quickly risen in popularity amongst locals in the Clermont area and even travelers from across the country. Here, patrons have the opportunity to not only play with the sweetest rescue cats but also to give these furry friends some new homes. Getting a new pet is a major commitment. The Cat Café allows you to meet your furry friend in a comfortable environment before making your decision.
“The Cat Café usually has anywhere from 12-18 cats at a time,” said Kathie Camara, a volunteer working with the cats. Since opening in September of 2016, there have been 60 successful adoptions, which is a wonderful feat!
The cat play area and café are separated with two different air conditioning systems, meaning there is no cross contamination. As a result, those who are allergic can grab a coffee and watch the felines through a glass viewing window.
According to one worker named Chelsea, many people find the experience very stress-reducing. “A lot of people that can’t have cats come here so they can get their fix,” she stated. She explained that many people have family members who are allergic to cats, and for these animal lovers, coming to the Cat Café allows them to spend time with some sweet rescues.
The Orlando Cat Café has so much to offer, from serving coffee and baked treats at the café area to bringing rescue cats and potential pet parents together. They even host yoga with the cats several times a month, as well as a Pilates class! You won’t want to miss out on a wonderful time over at the Orlando Cat Café, so go pay the rescue a visit next time you’re in Cagan Crossings! Learn more at: http://www.orlandocatcafe.com/
By Rachel Ilardi
“Christina Grimmie is dead.”
I was working at a Children’s ministry event that Saturday afternoon when I got the text. After a swift sadness, I was hit with a sudden jolt of shock. Just last night, Grimmie held a concert in Orlando that my friends and I had planned to attend, until one by one, all of our plans fell through.
Immediately, I needed to know what happened.
My heart racing, my friend told me that she was gunned down during her meet and greet after the show.
On June 10, 2016, Kevin James Loibl entered the The Plaza Live with the clear intent to shoot Grimmie. Further harm was avoided after Marcus Grimmie, Christina’s brother, tackled the man. This tragic event shook fans all across the globe. A sudden wave of grief hit all social media outlets that weekend, as fans and many celebrities took to memorializing Grimmie. The internet saw many dedicate songs to her life, such as Selena Gomez, singing a moving version of Transfiguration by Hillsong Worship, and Justin Bieber, fighting back tears as he dedicated his song Purpose. Lisa, a student at the South Lake campus, knew that the singer must’ve had a huge impact during her time on The Voice when Adam Levine, Grimmie’s former coach, offered to pay for the entire funeral.
Today, her memory still lives on in the hearts of fans and thanks to her family, Christina Grimmie’s impact lives on. On February 17th, the Grimmie family released their daughter’s song, Invisible, which she recorded before her death. According to Marcus Grimmie, his sister recorded somewhere from 50 to 60 songs before her death and their family plans to put the recordings to good use. Currently, the family is setting up the Christina Grimmie Foundation in her honor. All proceeds from her released music will go toward this fund, which will in turn serve causes that Christina Grimmie was passionate about during the course of her life. In personal experience, I have never gotten as emotional about a celebrity death as I did with the life of Christina Grimmie. Her impact was so powerful in so many ways and that legacy will continue to live on. In her spirit, the Christina Grimmie Foundation will push further to change more lives.
Support this cause by purchasing Christina’s new song, Invisible, and spreading the word about how this family overcame a tragic situation and turned it for good.
By Kevin Kurz
On February 7th, Vice President Mike Pence voted in favor of Besty Devos, breaking a 50/50 tie in the Senate and confirming her as the Secretary of Education.
Devos's nomination was extremely controversial. Senators received a record-setting average of 1.5 million phone calls a day until her confirmation hearing. With such a controversial figure becoming the head of public education, I wondered how Lake Sumter felt. Asking a variety of students and staff at the South Lake Campus what their reaction to Devos's confirmation was, I got answers ranging from surprised and appalled to "Who is Betsy Devos?" The one reaction I did not receive was excitement.
The biggest criticisms were over her lack of experience and allegations of bribery. Jerod Cinco, (student), said, "If you're the head of public education, you should have experience in public education." Before being confirmed, Devos had never attended nor worked in a public school. Others worried she bought her position. Florida Senator Rubio received $93,000 from Devos and voted yes on her confirmation. Kristian Algarin, (student) commented, "The money shows she had influence over him."
Despite these apprehensions, some believe she can have a positive impact if she focuses on the right issues. David Walton, (professor) says, "I hope she addresses macro level issues, she won't be able to fix every little problem. She should focus on larger matters such as the college debt crises."
Love or hate her; she is in charge. Let's hope her success is our success.
By Kelsey Griggs
Lake Sumter State College offers qualifying high school students an early feel for college life through Dual Enrollment, but do the Dual Enrollment students at LSSC feel like a part of the college community? Many Dual Enrollment students split their time between campuses, leaving them unable to participate in some campus events or clubs.
Matthew Devernoe, a Dual Enrollment student, says he only really goes on campus for classes. “I think, as a Dual Enrollment student, it’s just not my place in those activities and groups.” Another Dual Enrollment student, Carina Vitale, feels her split time hinders her ability to participate in campus activities. “Our high school schedule can conflict with the times of clubs and activities.” She also feels as though Dual Enrollment students’ opinions aren’t always seen as valuable due to their age. As a student body and as a school, it is important that we cater to all of our students’ needs and make everyone feel welcome. Dual Enrollment students are an imperative part of the LSSC community, and with a little bit of work, they can surely become more involved in the excitement of campus life.
President Trump’s Executive Memos and Orders from His First Week in Office
(research collected from Reuters and CNN.com., list compiled by Katie LeJeune)
The following list contains approximately 60 Executive Memos and Orders that were all issued within President Trump’s first 5 days in office:
Proclamation 9570: National Day of Patriotic Devotion
As one of his first official acts, President Trump declared his inauguration day to be a "National Day of Patriotic Devotion." The tradition goes back to President George H.W. Bush.
Executive Order 13765: Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal
Trump's first executive order was as much a messaging document as a policy-making one, emphasizing the Trump administration to seek the repeal of the health insurance law known as Obamacare.
Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies: Regulatory Freeze Pending Review
An immediate halt to the publication of any new regulations. The freeze lifts when Trump's nominees to lead agencies are confirmed by the Senate. The White House Office of Management and Budget may make exceptions for health, safety, financial, or national security matters.
Presidential Memorandum: Withdrawal of the United States From the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Agreement
The Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TPP, was a 12-member trade pact of countries along the Pacific Rim. Trump's directive made it 11, formally withdrawing from the trade agreement.
Presidential Memorandum: Mexico City Policy
The Mexico City Policy, known to critics as the global gag rule, was a Reagan-Bush policy that restricted the use of foreign aid money to support family planning organizations that promote abortion. Trump's memorandum reinstated that policy, which had been rescinded by Obama, but also vastly expanded it: The restriction now applies not just to the State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development, but now all federal funding. And the ban applies to all global health aid, not just family planning.
Presidential Memorandum: Hiring Freeze
Most recent presidents have instituted some kind of hiring freeze, often just long enough for the president's new cabinet members to be confirmed so they can make their own hiring decisions.
Presidential Memorandum: Construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline
The Obama administration scuttled the proposed 1,179-mile cross-border pipeline from Alberta to Nebraska, which Republicans had supported as a job-booster. Trump invited pipeline company, Transcanada, "to promptly resubmit its application," and ordered the Secretary of State to make a decision within 60 days, fast-tracking existing procedural requirements.
Presidential Memorandum: Construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline
A separate order applied to the Dakota Access Pipeline, a 1,172-mile pipeline from North Dakota to Illinois. That project has been the subject of heated protests by American Indian groups and environmentalists. Because the pipeline crosses waterways, it needs approval from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and Trump ordered the Army to "review and approve in an expedited manner" the permit.
Presidential Memorandum: Construction of American Pipelines
Trump asked the Secretary of Commerce to review ways to mandate the use of American-made steel in pipeline projects. for all new, expanded or retrofitted pipelines in the United States. The plan is due in six months.
Executive Order 13766: Expediting Environmental Reviews and Approvals for High Priority Infrastructure Projects
The order sets up a new system to fast-track infrastructure projects. Under the executive order, any governor or cabinet secretary can ask for a project to be designated as high-priority. If the chairman of the White House Council on Environmental Quality approves, the project will go to the front of the line for any agency required to review and approve the project.
Presidential Memorandum: Streamlining Permitting and Reducing Regulatory Burdens for Domestic Manufacturing
Under this order, the Secretary of Commerce will launch a review of manufacturing regulations with the goal of streamlining those rules. The secretary will seek input on the issue over the next 60 days, with a report to Trump containing specific proposals 60 days after that.
Proclamation 9571: National School Choice Week, 2017
Trump proclaimed the week of Jan, 22 as National School Choice week. Though the proclamation was entirely ceremonial, Trump is the first president ever to proclaim this week, which is sponsored by a coalition of charter, magnet, private, online, and home schools.
Executive Order 13767: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements
This is the "build the wall" executive order, directing the Customs and Border Patrol to "secure the southern border of the United States through the immediate construction of a physical wall on the southern border." The order does not specify how the wall would be paid for, but does request a report on all U.S. foreign aid to Mexico over the last five years.
Executive Order 13768: Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
Complementing the border wall, this executive order applies to immigration enforcement in the interior, and specifically targets so-called "sanctuary cities" by cutting off their federal funding. The order also expands the enforcement priorities in order to give immigration officers almost unlimited discretion in instituting deportation proceedings, to include any non-citizen not yet charged a crime but who, in the judgment of an immigration officer, poses a risk to public safety or national security.
Executive Order: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into The United States
Trump promised to keep "radical Islamic terrorists" out of the country, largely though a ban on entry from seven countries for 90 days. Those countries (Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen) are all majority Muslim, and the order allows an exception for religious minorities, which Trump said was to protect Christians there.
National Security Presidential Memorandum 1: Rebuilding the U.S. Armed Forces
The presidential national security memorandum — a first-of-its-kind presidential directive — calls for a 30-day review of military readiness. It requires the Pentagon and Office of Management and Budget to come up with a plan to bolster the military, and calls for an examination of the nation's nuclear arsenal and missile-defense capabilities.
Executive Order: Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Employees
The order imposes a lifetime ban on administration officials lobbying foreign governments, and a five-year ban on other types of lobbying. But that ban covers only people who were lobbyists before they joined the administration, leaving a loophole for non-lobbyists, ethics experts said.
National Security Presidential Memorandum 2: Organization of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council
Every modern president signs an order early in his term reorganizing the National Security Council. Trump's order most notably added his chief political strategist, Stephen Bannon, to sit on the influential Principals Committee.
National Security Presidential Memorandum 3: Plan to Defeat the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
This memorandum calls for the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with other national security officials, to develop a plan within 30 days to defeat the Islamic State. The plan should include "recommended changes to any United States rules of engagement" as well as any diplomatic, financial or cyber measures the Trump administration can take.
Executive Order: Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs
Trump's so-called "one in, two out" executive order would require agencies to remove two existing regulations for every one new regulation — and that the regulatory costs of those new regulations balance out.
President Trump’s Executive Memos and Orders from His First Week in Office
(List compiled from FOXNews.com. Emphasis added.)
The following Executive Memos and Orders were all issued within President Trump’s first 5 days in office. This list was compiled and published by Fox News:
An order directing the Treasury secretary to review the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial regulatory law.
A memorandum instructing the Labor Department to delay implementing an Obama rule requiring financial professionals who are giving advice on retirement, and who charge commissions, to put their client's interests first.
An order instructing agencies that whenever they introduce a regulation, they must first abolish two others.
A memorandum to restructure the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council.
A memorandum directing the Secretary of Defense to draw up a plan within 30 days to defeat ISIS.
An order to lengthen the ban on administration officials working as lobbyists. There is now a 5 year-ban on officials becoming lobbyists after they leave government, and a lifetime ban on White House officials lobbying on behalf of a foreign government.
An executive order imposing a 120-day suspension of the refugee program and a 90-day ban on travel to the U.S. from citizens of seven terror hot spots: Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, Yemen, Somalia and Sudan.
Two multi-pronged orders on border security and immigration enforcement including: the authorization of a U.S.-Mexico border wall; the stripping of federal grant money to sanctuary cities; hiring 5,000 more Border Patrol agents; ending “catch-and-release” policies for illegal immigrants; and reinstating local and state immigration enforcement partnerships.
A memorandum calling for a 30-day review of military readiness.
Two orders reviving the Keystone XL pipeline and Dakota Access pipelines. He also signed three other related orders that would: expedite the environmental permitting process for infrastructure projects related to the pipelines; direct the Commerce Department to streamline the manufacturing permitting process; and give the Commerce Department 180 days to maximize the use of U.S. steel in the pipeline.
An order to reinstate the so-called "Mexico City Policy" – a ban on federal funds to international groups that perform abortions or lobby to legalize or promote abortion. The policy was instituted in 1984 by President Reagan, but has gone into and out of effect depending on the party in power in the White House.
A notice that the U.S. will begin withdrawing from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal. Trump called the order "a great thing for the American worker."
An order imposing a hiring freeze for some federal government workers as a way to shrink the size of government. This excludes the military, as Trump noted at the signing.
An order that directs federal agencies to ease the “regulatory burdens” of ObamaCare. It orders agencies to “waive, defer, grant exemptions from, or delay the implementation of any provision or requirement” of ObamaCare that imposes a “fiscal burden on any State or a cost, fee, tax, penalty, or regulatory burden on individuals, families, healthcare providers, health insurers, patients, recipients of healthcare services, purchasers of health insurance, or makers of medical devices, products, or medications.”
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